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Close down

發佈時間: 2020/10/30

疫情持續多時,旅遊業議會指,今年首9個月已有73家本地旅行社結業(closed down)。復業無期下,相信旅行社倒閉潮陸續有來。

動詞close本身單字指「關閉」,例如,Close the window.(關閉窗口。)Close the gate.(關閉閘口。)

Close加上介詞down,變成短語動詞(phrasal verb)close down,則解「停業」,停業就是關門不營業了,所以都保留close單字的意思。例句︰Many restaurants are closing down due to the COVID-19 pandemic.(由於新冠肺炎疫情,許多餐館都關門了。)We have no choice but to close down all the shops in this area.(我們別無選擇,只能關掉在這城市的所有商店。)

Down的相反是up,close配上介詞up也可以解「停業」。例如,Some companies are considering closing up shops in the malls and focusing on their online shops.(一些公司正在考慮關閉商場店舖,並專注於它們的網上商店。)

不過,close up也可以指「不開放一段時間」,而非永久結業。例如,The pool is closed up for the winter.(泳池在冬季關閉。)

(本欄逢周三、五刊登)

撰文: Ally Dean's List級英文老師
欄名: WordDiscovery