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Depreciate

發佈時間: 2021/05/07

隨着學位普及,手上一紙證書自然不如舊時矜貴。同是手持學士證書,到了35至39歲時,70年代出生的平均每月收入45,900元,80後則只有41,100元。可見,學歷真的貶值(depreciate)了。

從depreciate的字首de-,可以知道它與「減」有關。動詞depreciate解「貶值、跌價」,尤指價值隨時間下跌。例如,I never buy new cars; they depreciate by half as soon as they are on the road.(我從不買新車,因為它們一落地便會貶值一半。)Our house has depreciated by 10% over the last five years.(在過去的5年中,我們的屋子貶值了10%。)

Depreciate的反義詞是appreciate(增值、漲價)。例如,If the stock has appreciated in value, you may avoid paying capital.(如果股票的價值已升,可以避免支付資本。)Our flat has appreciated by one-third in less than three years.(我們的樓房在不到3年的時間內升值了三分之一。)

此外,appreciate常解「欣賞、理解、體會到」。例句︰I appreciate your help on this.(感謝你在這方面的幫忙。)I can appreciate it is not an easy task.(我能夠理解這不是容易的事。)

(本欄逢周三、五刊登)

撰文: Ally Dean's List級英文老師
欄名: WordDiscovery