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Ally

Excessive packaging

發佈時間: 2019/09/13

眾所周知,月餅的成本其實很便宜,貴在過度(excessive)包裝、過度宣傳。不過,我每年還是會買一兩個月餅,跟小朋友慶中秋,保留這個傳統。

形容詞excessive解「過度的、過多的」,即是too much。例句︰Mooncake manufacturers should reduce excessive packaging.(月餅製造商應減少過度包裝。)You don't need so many leather jackets in your wardrobe. It's excessive.(你的衣櫃裏不需要那麼多皮外套,這太多了。)

Excessive不要字尾-ive,變成excess,也可以用作形容詞,但意思跟excessive不一樣。Excess解「多餘的、額外的」,即是extra。Excessive可形容抽象的事情;excess則常用於形容物料,多餘的部分可以丟掉。例如,The police used excessive violence against protesters.(警察對示威者使用過度武力。)Cut off the excess fat from the meat before seasoning and cooking.(在調味和烹煮之前,切掉肉的多餘脂肪。)

此外,excess可以用作名詞,指「過分、過量、過度」。常用in excess of解more than。例句︰The company spent in excess of half a million on a consultation report that was never considered.(該公司在一份從未考慮過的諮詢報告上花費了超過50萬元。)

(本欄逢周一、三、五刊登)

撰文: Ally Dean's List級英文老師
欄名: WordDiscovery