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Predicament

發佈時間: 2021/09/15

Predicament

不小心約了兩班不同的朋友在同一個晚上食飯,有點陷入困境(predicament)呢,該怎麼辦?一班吃晚飯,一班晚飯後聊天便是!

名詞predicament解「困境、尷尬的處境」,即是令人不知道怎麼辦的困難或不愉快的情況,然而必須做出艱難的選擇。中文會說「陷入困境」,英文也常用be in a predicament。例句︰The dispute between the two countries has put many people in a predicament.(兩國之間的爭端使許多人陷入困境。)I felt trapped in a predicament with no way out.(我感到陷入困境,無路可逃。)

相反,「擺脫困境」可以說out of predicament。例句︰We cannot do nothing;we must try our best to help him out of his predicament.(我們不能甚麼也不做,我們必須嘗試盡力幫助他擺脫困境。)People in this poor country are desperate for a way out of the financial predicament for generations.(在這個貧窮的國家,世世代代的人都渴望擺脫經濟困境。)

Predicament可以配搭形容詞same(相同的)、similar(相似的)、terrible(可怕的)、dire(嚴重的)等等。例如,My company faced the same predicament five years ago.(我的公司5年前也面臨同樣的困境。)

(本欄逢周三、五刊登)

撰文: Ally Dean's List級英文老師
欄名: WordDiscovery